Paul Potter's UFO Drive Ideas (continued) with Discussion of Mead and Nachamkin
This page is a continuation of my discussion at Potter's UFO 1.
AN UPDATED COMPARISON OF MEAN AND NACHAMKIN’S CONCEPT WITH POTTER’S UFO. The Mead and Nachamkin concept pertains to Zero Point Energy (ZPE) resonant dielectric spheres (see the following figure).
COMPARING POTTER'S IDEAS WITH MEAD AND NACHAMKIN AND WITH BOB LAZAR'S CLAIMS.
When examining Mr. Potter’s ideas, the message that he puts across is not always clear. Although he was heavily associated with the Onion Drive in the past, in e-mails he stressed that that concept was not his current belief, and nothing on-line represents his current position. Yet in article that he sent me entitled What Prometheus Might Have Brought Us Next, dated 2009, he specifically cites the original Onion Drive craft observations which Jeff Savage experienced in conjunction with glass-metamaterial-ferroelectric power spheres associated with UFOs. While Jeff’s experience turned out to be based on an image that simply came to him, rather than during a remembered UFO abduction, at first I focused on the overlap between Potter’s current concept and those discussed in the Frontiers in Propulsion Science (referred to below simply as “the textbook”) Chapter 18. The chapter, by Eric M. Davis (senior physicist) and Hal Puthoff, Director of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Austin, Texas, and founder of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, is entitled On Extracting Energy From the Quantum Vacuum.
Before delving into each concept, the following are points that Potter’s new work and the textbook share in common:
1. The spheres in the textbook (pages 572-573), which are attributed to Mead and Nachamkin, are referred to as Zero Point Energy (ZPE) resonant dialectric spheres that generate electrical power. Potter’s article up front discusses how stressing ferroelectric compounds to yield electron emissions is because of the unique dielectric structure of their molecular domains.
2. Mead and Nachamkin discuss a set of resonant dielectric spheres. Four spheres are shown in their diagram. Potter, in discussing the Andreasson UFO, which he seems to place great reliance on, mentions four sphere sets, but each set is made of two spheres with the upper spheres smaller than the lower spheres.
3. Mead and Nachamkin deals with Zero Point Energy and the Zero Point Field (ZPF). Potter states of the spheres that he conjectures “that they can be made to function as a type of ZPF harvester which projects an oscillating disturbance into whatever medium is on the outside of these spheres (similar to how photon wind oscillates around a quartz crystal) to drag on the ZPF ‘virtual’ energy to get it to permeate into the surfaces layers of these spheres – so that it can then be given an electromagnetic signature and brought through these spheres, through wire mesh and ferroelectric plasmonic oscillations, and then used in the UFO’s electrodynamic circuit. One obvious difference from Mead and Nachamkin is the fact that Potter purports that black holes (or quasi black holes) are at the heart of the UFO’s propulsion system. From there he goes on to details how various flux lines, magnetic fields, and gravitational fields are harnessed to produce power. Of course, nowhere in the Mead and Nachamkin scenario do we read about miniature black holes.
If Potter’s ideas seem bizarre in that they are based on UFO incidents, the Mead and Nachamkin concept has, according to Davis and Puthoff, been somewhat supported by a computer model study performed at the Air Force Research Laboratory (Edwards Air Force Base). And, as is fully documented on my page about teleportation, Davis and Mead have their names on an Air Force document that discusses credible reports of UFOs. Perhaps one difference between Potter and the Davis/Mead writings is that Davis and Mead are part of the “in group” with access to recovered UFO wreckage, whereas Potter can only relate his beliefs to abduction memories (many elicited under hypnosis) or stories released by Bob Lazar, or visions by Jeff Savage.
Bob Lazar's claims can in part be read at http://www.dreamlandresort.com/area51/lazar/lazartec.htm. They are based in large part of the use of element number 115 (ununpentium) with 115 protons and 184 neutrons. On page 402 of Potter's book, he points out that, "Presently (circa 2008) the research that has been done on element 115 synthesis can still only attribute to that procedure an element which ends up with 115 protons but with only 173 neutrons, so that it amounts to a low grade ununpentium with a half-life of 87 milliseconds, which is obviously an inferior product to that of the ETs." Potter proposes that aliens have success in making their version of element 115 because they come from "a planet with a greater mass-density than ours...and a greater gravitational force than we have." He attributes this idea to, who else, but the explanation by Greys to Betty Andreaason? But these are the same Greys as those who allegedly pulled her eyes out of their sockets. As such, I have a problem with accepting the explanation.
Bob Lazar talks about using element 115 to produce antimatter for a matter-antimatter annihilation power source (presently here on Earth only 10 nanograms of antimatter are produced a year, but we recently learned that antimatter can be produced by lightning). Lazar is also quoted as stating, "On the bottom side of the disk are the three gravity generators. When they want to travel to a distant point, the disk turns on its side. The three gravity generators produce a gravitational beam. What they do is they converge the three gravity generators onto a point and use that as a focal point; and they bring them up to power and PULL that point towards the disk. The disk itself will attach onto that point and snap back - as they release space back to that point. Now all this happens in the distortion of time, so time is not incrementing." Lazar claims that gravity is a wave in the electromagnetic radiation spectrum, but he declined to assign a frequency to it. One would think that if that were all gravity was, we could experimentally go through all the frequencies until we found the right frequency. That has not happened.
With regard to Jeff Savage, I interviewed him extensively. He has no memory of ever being on a UFO. The closest memory that I could jar was one of a dream of a Ferris wheel, with many lights, that was turning on its side. This dream occurred at about the time that his vision of the Onion Drive came to him. However, he does have one clear memory that strongly suggests he was abducted. He states that about 30 years ago he woke up to find that his clothes were all put on backward. This sort of after effect is widely reported by people who seem to have been adducted. Others find that they are wearing the wrong clothes (belonging to other people), or, as an article in Wilipedia reports, "that when they went to be they were clothed, but nude when they awaken. Sometimes their clothes will be folded by their bedside, missing, or in rare cases, someone else's clothes will be there and their own clothing lost. Reports have been made of people awakening to find that their clothes are being worn improperly in bizarre ways (e.g. a long sleeve shirt apparently forced up over the legs like a pair of pants)."
More on the Dalnegorsk UFO and Potter’s Ideas. In addition to the Andreasson UFO incident, much of Potter’s ideas are based on an alleged UFO incident on “Hill 611” very close to the city of Dalnegorsk in Russia in January, 1986. What distinguishes that incident from the vast majority of other UFO encounters is that an explosion at the site supposedly left physical evidence. Potter’s ideas are based on an analysis (back-engineering) of this wreckage. Paul writes about ferroelectric ceramic compounds that contain rare-earth lanthanide elements which can provide a high yield of electrons when stressed by a rapidly changing electric field. He mentions that debris from the Dalnegorsk incident included burned out carbon glass spheres with “Splits of lead and hundreds of small iron-alloy balls which contained rare-earth elements lanthanum, cerium, neodymium, praseodymium and promethium. He states that stressing ferroelectric compounds yields electron emissions because of the unique dielectric structure of their molecular domains. He then relates this to four glass spheres that had micro-hot spots that glowed momentarily when a UFO was powered up, but this is initially based on the Andreasson report again (where we have no physical evidence). However he argues that the Dalnegorsk UFO sphere also showed signs of a wire network embedded inside. Potter thinks three existing fields of research run parallel to science portrayed in the spheres:
1. Wire-network metamaterial dielectrics.
2. Inter-connection of the ferroelectric spontaneous polarity reversal ceramics within thin-wire network metamaterials.
3. Microwave excitation of the external surfaces of the spheres.
Paul asserts that wire networks are necessary as an oscillation device to facilitate oscillations in the 3 to 8 GHz microwave frequency range. (his book greatly favors 3 GHz). This he believes turns the glass spheres into an artificial metal while retaining the dielectric properties of a non-metal. A dielectric material, of course, is a non-conductor (insulator). So in effect, he argues that such materials can be switched from being a conductor to being an insulator by changing the frequency of the electric field. This he relates to recent negative refraction index (NRI) material research. Potter discusses the effects of microwaves frequency oscillation in the spheres, and the advantage of metamaterials which feature thin-wire networks similar to what was supposedly seen in the wire mesh network embedded in the remains of the Dalnegorsk UFO. Putting aside the issue of the reliability of the UFO reports, one issue of concern is whether or not the repulsion electrons that he attributes to spontaneous polarity reversals of ferroelectric and lanthenoid domains will provide the required thrust to overcome conservation of momentum issues. For any kind of serious propulsion mechanism the vehicle must accelerate by providing an equal and opposite change in momentum to a reaction mass. As Marc Millis states in the textbook, “for land vehicles, the reaction mass is the Earth’s surface; for rockets, it is their propellant, and for space sails, it is the light that hits the sails.” So do electrons constitute enough of a propellant? Potter goes back to the Andreasson UFO, claiming that the UFO’s central layout was “designed to direct its four internal fields of pulsing magnetic flux through its four sphere-sets, so that those flux lines will permeate the outside surfaces of each of the four spheres exactly where their plasmonic waves will be oscillating.” But conservation of momentum issues still remain, though there may be in solution if, as he speculates, the spheres in any way act as ZPF harvesters. However, he too expresses the same concern that I have. He raises the question of “whatever medium is on the outside of these spheres.”
What could be outside these spheres, in deep space? To answer this, we must turn to the Frontiers in Propulsion Textbook, Table 7 on page 152, entitled “Equivalent Volumes to Contain a Metric Ton of Matter” in the Chapter 3 by Marc Millis on Prerequisites For Space Drive Science. Note the extraordinary degree of uncertainty for the mass density of both the quantum vacuum and spacetime itself:
Equivalent Volumes to Contain A Metric Ton (Mt) of Matter
Cosmic Microwave Background
Equivalent Mass Density
Volume required to encompass 1 MT (m3)
Gravity Waves? Central to Potter’s ideas is the idea that electromagnetic waves can be converted into gravitational waves. On page 212 he states that physicists have been working on such a conversion process, but in his Note 12 on page 480 he states, “Well, in gravitational theory it had been postulated that while gravitational radiation is spin-2 field and electromagnetic waves are spin-1 [Kaminsky][Chiao 2003][Kiefer-Weber] that while a direct conversion between them cannot happen, there is theoretically a way in which the conversion from one to the other can be made through a medium such as a quantum Hall fluid. And it is though that such a superfluid together with an applied DC magnetic field (which is strong enough to add sufficient angular momentum to the spin-1 waves) might trigger the conversion to gravitational waves. With respect to the aaUFO (Andreasson UFO) model the central vortex could be seen as a quantum Hall superfluid, so many of the ingredients exist inside this UFO.
Potter does not explain what is meant by spin-1 or spin 2 or quantum Hall superfluid. Spin is just a quantum number that designates classifications. Electrons are spin +/- ½. Quantum Hall is a state that gives rise to quantized Hall voltage measured in the direction perpendicular to the current flow. Quantum Spin Hall is a theoretical phase that may pave the way for the development of electronic devices that dissipate less energy and generate less heat. This is a derivation of the Quantum Hall state of matter. Of course, a superfluid is a phase achieved by a few cryogenic liquids (especially liquid helium) at extremely low temperature where they become able to flow without friction. A superfluid can flow up the side of an open container and down the outside. Placing a superfluid in a spinning container will result in quantized vortices.
Sadly, I suspect that even if Potter is largely right, his ideas would be used by Government research facilities that would never acknowledge them. From looking at his Amazon book sales rank, I would estimate that his monthly royalties are probably (like my own) just a few dollars. He won't fund his research this way.